Coronary artery disease is also called "CAD." CAD is when the arteries in your heart narrow or become blocked. CAD may cause angina (chest pain), a heart attack, or congestive heart failure. CAD is one of the leading causes of death in America. The chance of dying from CAD today is much less than 40 years ago.
CAD is more common in older people. Both men and women can get CAD. CAD is not as common in women before menopause (change of life). You may be more likely to get CAD if you have family members who have it.
CAD is caused by cholesterol (ko-LES-ter-all) and blood clots that collect inside your arteries (blood vessels). When your arteries get narrow or blocked, they cannot get oxygen to your heart muscle. This part of the heart muscle is damaged or dies.
Smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, eating unhealthy foods, being overweight, and not exercising may cause CAD.
You may not have any symptoms of CAD. The most common symptom of CAD is angina pectoris. Angina (AN-gin-uh) pectoris (pek-TOR-is) is chest pain that happens when your heart does not get enough oxygen. The pain is usually caused by a blockage or spasm of the arteries in the heart. You could have a heart attack if your angina is not treated. You may have stable or unstable angina.
Stable Angina: The most common symptom of stable angina is chest pain. The pain may start below the breast bone. It may feel crushing, tight, or heavy. It may move to the neck, jaw, shoulders, back, or inner arms. You may have pain under the breast bone that feels like indigestion (burning). The pain often starts slowly and may only last a few minutes. Stable angina may be caused by cold air or getting upset. Physical work, like walking or snow shoveling, may also cause pain. Angina may feel different to each person. Rest or medicine usually makes stable angina go away.
Unstable Angina: Unstable angina is chest pain that happens more often or with less activity than before. Unstable angina starts while you are resting or exercising. After resting, you may still have pain. Unstable angina is a warning that you may be at risk for a heart attack.
Exercise when your caregiver says it is OK. If you smoke, quit. Lose weight if you are overweight. Eat low fat, low salt, high fiber foods, such as fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. Learn how to control stress.
Tests may be done to learn if you have blockage in your heart arteries. You may need to take medicine to decrease cholesterol. You may need to go into the hospital for tests and treatment. Surgery may be needed if tests show you have serious blockage of your heart arteries.
Before taking any herbs or supplements, ask your caregiver if it is OK. Talk to your caregiver about how much you should take. If you are using this medicine without instructions from your caregiver, follow the directions on the label. Do not take more medicine or take it more often than the directions tell you to. The herbs and supplements listed may or may not help treat your condition.
Call 911 or 0 (operator) if you have the following signs or symptoms that may mean you are having a heart attack. Do not drive yourself to the hospital.
You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. You can then discuss treatment options with your caregivers. Work with them to decide what care may be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
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