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Lincomycin (Injection route)

Pronunciation:

lin-koe-MYE-sin

Brand Names:

  • Lincocin

Dosage Forms:

  • Solution

Warnings:

Injection route(Solution)

Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with nearly all antibacterial agents, including lincomycin, and may range in severity from mild to life-threatening. Therefore, lincomycin therapy should be reserved for serious infections where less toxic antimicrobial agents are inappropriate. If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against C difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate supportive therapy, such as fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C difficile, and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated .

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Antibiotic

Chemical—

Lincosamide

Uses of This Medicine:

Lincomycin injection treats bacterial infections. It may be also given to patients who have an allergic reaction to penicillin antibiotics.

Lincomycin belongs to the family of medicines called antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, this medicine will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

This medicine is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of lincomycin injection in children younger than 1 month of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Older adults—

No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of lincomycin injection in geriatric patients.

Pregnancy—

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Cholera Vaccine, Live

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergy, history of or
  • Asthma, history of or
  • Diarrhea or
  • Stomach or bowel disease (eg, colitis), history of or—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Kidney disease, severe or
  • Liver disease, severe—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you or your child this medicine. This medicine is given as a shot into a muscle, vein or eye.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your or your child's progress while you are receiving this medicine. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to receive it. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Do not use this medicine together with erythromycin (Ery-Tab®).

This medicine may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you or your child have a rash, itching, hives, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after you receive this medicine.

Lincomycin injection may cause diarrhea, and in some cases it can be severe. It may occur 2 months or more after you stop using this medicine. Do not take any medicine to treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor. Diarrhea medicines may make the diarrhea worse or make it last longer. If you have any questions about this or if mild diarrhea continues or gets worse, check with your doctor.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Incidence not known
Abdominal or stomach pain or tenderness
black, tarry stools
blistering, peeling, or loosening of the skin
blurred vision
chills
clay-colored stools
confusion
cough
dark urine
diarrhea
difficulty with swallowing
dizziness dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
fast heartbeat
fever
headache
hives, itching, or rash
joint or muscle pain
loss of appetite
lower back or side pain
nausea
painful or difficult urination
pale skin
puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
red skin lesions, often with a purple center
red, irritated eyes
severe abdominal or stomach cramps and pain
sore throat
sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
sweating
tightness in the chest
ulcers, sores, or white spots in the mouth
unpleasant breath odor
unusual bleeding or bruising
unusual tiredness or weakness
vomiting of blood
watery and severe diarrhea, which may also be bloody
yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Incidence not known
Abdominal or stomach discomfort
continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
feeling of constant movement of self or surroundings
hearing loss
pain, redness, or hard lumps at the injection site
redness, swelling, or soreness of the tongue
sensation of spinning
sleepiness or unusual drowsiness

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 9/4/2017
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