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Perflutren protein type A microsphere (Intravenous route)

Pronunciation:

per-FLOO-tren PROE-teen type A MYE-kroe-sfeers

Brand Names:

  • Optison

Dosage Forms:

  • Suspension

Warnings:

Intravenous route(Suspension)

Serious cardiopulmonary reactions, including fatalities, have occurred during or following perflutren-containing microsphere administration with the most serious reactions occurring within 30 minutes of administration. Assess all patients for any condition that precludes use of this product. Always have resuscitation equipment and trained personnel available .

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Diagnostic Agent, Cardiac Function

Uses of This Medicine:

Perflutren protein type A microsphere injection is used during an echocardiogram to help diagnose or find problems in the heart.

Perflutren protein type A microsphere is an ultrasound contrast agent. Ultrasound contrast agents are used to help provide a clear picture during ultrasound. Ultrasound is a special kind of diagnostic procedure. It uses high-frequency sound waves to create images or “pictures” of certain areas inside the body. The sound waves produced by the ultrasound equipment can be reflected (bounced off) by different parts of the body, such as, the heart. As the sound waves return they are electronically converted into images on a television screen. Unlike x-rays, ultrasound does not involve ionizing radiation. The albumin microspheres sonicated preparation contains very small gas-filled albumin microspheres that reflect the sound waves and help create a better picture.

This medicine is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of a doctor with specialized training in ultrasound procedures.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a diagnostic test, any risks of the test must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. Also, other things may affect test results. For this test, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of perflutren protein type A microsphere injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established. .

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of perflutren protein type A microsphere injection in the elderly.

Pregnancy—

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersCAnimal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this diagnostic test. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergy to albumin or
  • Allergy to blood or blood products—Should not be given to patients with these conditions.
  • Congenital heart defects or
  • Liver problems—Use is not recommended because its effect when these conditions are present is not known.
  • Congestive heart failure or
  • Heart attack or
  • Heart disease (eg, coronary artery syndrome) or
  • Heart rhythm problems (eg, ventricular arrhythmia) or
  • Heart shunt or
  • Lung disease—May increase risk for more serious side effects.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

A doctor or other trained health professional will give you this medicine. This medicine is given through a needle placed in one of your veins before the ultrasound.

Your doctor may have special instructions for you in preparation for your test. If you do not understand the instructions you receive or if you have not received such instructions, check with your doctor in advance.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress very closely while you are receiving this medicine. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to receive it.

Serious heart or lung problems may occur while you are receiving this medicine. Tell your doctor right away if you have a chest pain, fast, slow, pounding, or irregular heartbeat, lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting, or troubled breathing.

This medicine may cause a serious type of allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after receiving this medicine.

This medicine contains albumin, which is made from human blood. All donated blood is tested for certain viruses. Although your risk for getting a virus from the medicine is very low, talk with your doctor if you have concerns.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

Less common
Chest pain
feeling of warmth
fever or chills
redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
trouble breathing
Rare
Hives or welts, itching, or skin rash
fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
redness of the skin
Incidence not known
Blurred vision
chest discomfort
cold, clammy skin
confusion
convulsions
dizziness
dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
fainting
fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse
fast, weak pulse
feeling of warmth
headache
hoarseness
irritation
joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
large, hive-like swelling on the face, eyelids, lips, tongue, throat, hands, legs, feet, or sex organs
lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
nervousness
no blood pressure or pulse
noisy breathing
pounding in the ears
redness of the face, neck, arms, and occasionally, upper chest
stopping of heart
sweating
tightness in the chest
troubled swallowing
unconsciousness
unusual tiredness or weakness

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
Bad, unusual, or unpleasant (after) taste
change in taste
cough
discomfort at the injection site
nausea or vomiting
sore throat
stuffy or runny nose
Rare
Back pain
body or muscle aches
burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings
change in color vision
continuing ringing or buzzing or other unexplained noise in the ears
difficulty with moving
difficulty seeing at night
discoloration of the skin at the injection site
dry mouth
hearing loss
increased sensitivity of the eyes to sunlight
muscle pain or stiffness

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 8/4/2017
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