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Pyrimethamine (By mouth)

Pyrimethamine (pir-i-METH-a-meen)

Prevents and treats malaria. Also treats toxoplasmosis.

Brand Name(s):

Daraprim

There may be other brand names for this medicine.

When This Medicine Should Not Be Used:

This medicine is not right for everyone. Do not use it if you had an allergic reaction to pyrimethamine, or if you have a blood disease, including megaloblastic anemia caused by folate deficiency.

How to Use This Medicine:

Tablet

  • Take your medicine as directed. Your dose may need to be changed several times to find what works best for you.
  • It is best to take this medicine with food or milk.
  • Take all of the medicine in your prescription to clear up your infection, even if you feel better after the first few doses.
  • Missed dose: Take a dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until then and take a regular dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
  • Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light.

Drugs and Foods to Avoid:

Ask your doctor or pharmacist before using any other medicine, including over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products.

  • Some medicines can affect how pyrimethamine works. Tell your doctor if you are using lorazepam, methotrexate, phenytoin, proguanil, zidovudine, or sulfa drugs (including trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole).
  • Do not drink alcohol while you are using this medicine.

Warnings While Using This Medicine:

  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you have kidney disease, liver disease, folate deficiency, malabsorption syndrome (trouble absorbing food), or seizures. Tell your doctor if you drink alcohol.
  • This medicine may cause the following problems:
    • Decreased amount of folate in the body
    • Increased risk of cancer
    • Serious skin reactions
  • This medicine may make you bleed, bruise, or get infections more easily. Take precautions to prevent illness and injury. Wash your hands often.
  • Your doctor will do lab tests at regular visits to check on the effects of this medicine. Keep all appointments.
  • Keep all medicine out of the reach of children. Never share your medicine with anyone.

Possible Side Effects While Using This Medicine:

Call your doctor right away if you notice any of these side effects:

  • Allergic reaction: Itching or hives, swelling in your face or hands, swelling or tingling in your mouth or throat, chest tightness, trouble breathing
  • Blistering, peeling, red skin rash
  • Fever, chills, cough. sore throat, body aches
  • Pale skin, purple spots on the skin, swelling of the tongue
  • Red or dark brown urine
  • Uneven heartbeat
  • Unusual bleeding, bruising, or weakness

If you notice these less serious side effects, talk with your doctor:

  • Loss of appetite, vomiting

If you notice other side effects that you think are caused by this medicine, tell your doctor

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088


Last Updated: 11/4/2017
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