A normal intervertbral disk is compared to a herniated disk.
A small incision is made over the spine.
After identifying and moving the nerve root, the surgeon identifies the injured disk tissue.
The surgeon removes the injured disk tissue and fragments.
The back muscles are moved back into their normal position, and the wound is closed with stitches or staples.
Reviewed By: C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, San Francisco, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.