Hereditary ovalocytosis is a rare condition passed down through families (inherited). The blood cells are oval-shaped instead of round. It is a form of hereditary elliptocytosis.
Ovalocytosis - hereditary
Ovalocytosis is mainly found in Southeast Asian populations.
Exams and Tests
An exam by your health care provider may show an enlarged spleen.
This condition is diagnosed by looking at the shape of blood cells under a microscope. The following tests may also be done:
- Complete blood count (CBC) to check for anemia or red blood cell destruction
- Blood smear to determine cell shape
- Bilirubin level (may be high)
- Lactate dehydrogenase level (may be high)
- Ultrasound of the abdomen (may show gallstones)
In severe cases, the disease may be treated by removal of the spleen (splenectomy).
The condition may be associated with gallstones or kidney problems.
Gallagher PG. Hemolytic anemias. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 161.
Gallagher PG. Red blood cell membrane disorders. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ, Silberstein LE, et al, eds. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 45.
Segel GB. Hereditary elliptocytosis. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW, Schor NF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 459.
Reviewed By: Richard LoCicero, MD, private practice specializing in hematology and medical oncology, Longstreet Cancer Center, Gainesville, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.